Kellog was 20 years old when he walked through the gates of Andersonville prison. He and his comrades had been captured during a bloody battle at Plymouth, North Carolina. In the depths of Georgia, they discovered that their hardships were far from over: "As we entered the place, a spectacle met our eyes that almost froze our blood with horror…before us were forms that had once been active and erect—stalwart men, now nothing but mere walking skeletons, covered with filth and vermin…Many of our men exclaimed with earnestness, 'Can this be hell? While they often wrote frankly of the carnage wrought by bullets smashing limbs and grapeshot tearing ragged holes through advancing lines, many soldiers described their prisoner of war experiences as a more heinous undertaking altogether.
Inside Andersonville Prison, The Civil War’s Most Brutal POW Camp
Andersonville Prison | American Battlefield Trust
Andersonville, Georgia Andersonville, or Camp Sumter as it was known officially, held more prisoners at any given time than any of the other Confederate military prisons. It was built in early after Confederate officials decided to move the large number of Federal prisoners in and around Richmond to a place of greater security and more abundant food. During the 14 months it existed, more than 45, Union soldiers were confined here. Of these, almost 13, died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements. The prison pen was surrounded by a stockade of hewed pine logs that varied in height from 15 to 17 feet. It was marked by a simple post and rail fence and guards had orders to shoot any prisoner who crossed the fence, or even reached over it.
History of the Andersonville Prison
History of the Andersonville Prison Plan of prison grounds, Construction of the camp began in early after the decision had been made to relocate Union prisoners to a more secure location. This decision was made because of the battles taking place near Richmond, VA where many prisoners were being held, and as a way to procure a greater food supply. Camp Sumter was only in operation for fourteen months, however, during that time 45, Union soldiers were imprisoned there, and nearly 13, died from disease, poor sanitation, malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure. The stockade was constructed in the shape of a parallelogram that was 1, feet long and feet wide.
Parole[ edit ] Lacking means for dealing with large numbers of captured troops early in the American Civil War , the Union and Confederate governments both relied on the traditional European system of parole and exchange of prisoners. A prisoner who was on parole promised not to fight again until his name was "exchanged" for a similar man on the other side. Then both of them could rejoin their units. While awaiting exchange, prisoners were briefly confined to permanent camps. The exchange system broke down in mid when the Confederacy refused to treat captured black prisoners as equal to white prisoners.